Identifying mantid egg cases in Pennsylvania

Below are photographs and descriptions of egg cases of the (native) Carolina mantis, the European (=praying) mantis, the Chinese mantis, and the narrow-winged mantis.

Carolina mantid (Stagmomantis carolina)

Carolina mantids (the only native species in my area) form relatively smooth, teardrop-shaped oothecae with a central portion that is lightly colored. Often found on tree trunks, rocks, and buildings.

Egg case of Carolina mantid (Stagmomantis carolina)

European mantis (Mantis religiosa)

These oothecae are somewhat similar to the Carolina mantis’ but lack the alternating bands of color. Another common name for the European mantis is the praying mantis.

Egg case of European mantis (Mantis religiosa)

Chinese mantid (Tenodera sinensis)

Chinese mantid oothecae are typically roundish, roughly textured, and uniform in color. Introduced from Asia, as you probably guessed.

Egg case of Chinese mantid (Tenodera sinensis)

Narrow-winged mantid (Tenodera angustipennis)

Narrow-winged mantid oothecae are usually rather elongate. They are also seem to have red streaks, though the color seems to be most noticeable after they age a few months. Introduced from Asia, too.

Egg case of narrow-winged mantid (Tenodera angustipennis)

More ID help

For an excellent overview of all of these species, please see the Cape May Wildlife Guide’s page on mantids. If you need help identifying an ootheca, I highly recommend posting a photograph on iNaturalist. Not only will you get an answer from the iNaturalist community within a day or two, your submission helps scientists track the spread of invasive species.

What should you do with the non-native oothecae?

Invasive mantids eat butterflies, native bees, honey bees, small birds, and also the native mantid, so when you find egg cases, dispose of them. Here are some suggestions on how to do that:

  • Put them in a freezer for a week
  • Step on them
  • Give them to a neighbor who has chickens
  • Give them to local bird rehabilitation centers
  • Give them to a neighbor who has a pet tarantula, snake, lizard, or fish

Whatever you do, please not just relocate oothecae to some nearby field — that just transfers the problem to someplace where you can’t see the problem.

But aren’t mantids great for pest control?

Although it’s true that young mantids consume a lot of insects, some of which might be pests, when mantids are fully grown they tend to camp out on flowers and wait for large butterflies and even small birds. Mantids are, of course, excellent for controlling butterflies and hummingbirds in case you happen to hate those animals.

Monarch butterfly captured by a Chinese mantid (Tenodera sinensi
Monarch butterfly captured by a Chinese mantid (Tenodera sinensis).

18 thoughts on “Identifying mantid egg cases in Pennsylvania

  1. Euro Peanmantis

    Curious to learn how you came up with your opinion?

    Feel like this is just a high school essay, with no actual realistic facts…

    1. Colin Purrington Post author

      My primary source is just my yard. Started noticing piles of monarch wings underneath certain plants, then realized it was likely the Chinese mantids camped out there. After a little research online, turns out that these mantids have a known ability to selectively eat the parts of monarchs and thus avoid the bulk of their toxicity.

      1. PK

        Liked the pictures and articles. In Texas, the s carolina has also been observed with this behavior. I have a few every year that do this and it is just too hot for tenodera here. I also have some that seem to ambush small polistes as they fly in or out of the nesting area in bushes. They seem to become ‘specialists’ in a way and i would argue can tell the difference between males and females polistes, and ambush males that can’t sting.

  2. Victor Johanson

    Chinese mantises were introduced more than one hundred years ago, and have successfully integrated into our ecosystem–there’s no need to go destroying these magnificent insects. “Invasives,” whether plant or animal, are often subjected to xenophobic persecution for no valid reason. Nazi Germany was the first nation to legislate their exclusion. It is true that they can disrupt an ecosystem, but generally over time the problems they create will dissipate as the dynamics adjust. David Theodoropoulos’ out of print “Invasion Biology–Critique of a Pseudoscience” furnishes an excellent analysis, and addresses the hysteria to which we’ve all been subjected regarding this issue. Get a copy if you can find it!

  3. Christina

    I probably wouldn’t kill a Mantis sac if I had found one..but I’m glad that I did find a few Carolina mantis egg sacs on the shed here in Philadelphia today.

      1. Christina M Luongo

        No what’s fantastic is that a few weeks ago I actually picked this female mantis up off the sidewalk and put her in the grass. A few days later she was on my shed and has moved but hasn’t left. And I caught her eating a spotted lantern fly the other day… now she’s laid a sac or two

  4. Melody

    Promotion of smashing egg sacs of the mantids is sick and twisted. Completely uncalled for. They’ve been here since 1896 at least. You should be ashamed of yourself.

    1. Sheeple Hunter

      It’s an invasive species and has no benefit to the natural ecosystem, in fact it is a detriment. You should be ashamed of yourself for allowing your feelings to override logical thinking. Just because they have been here a long time doesn’t mean they magically should be. You are sick and twisted for not understanding how nature works and instead adopting a child’s mentality.

      1. Victor Johanson

        Meh, if Chinese mantises were such a menace, they wouldn’t still be coexisting with the natives, which aren’t endangered, 100 years later. There’s no point being xenophobic about the “invaders;” they’re not going anywhere and no evidence has emerged that they’re detrimental in the aggregate. They’ve integrated into the ecosystem and are fascinating and useful.

        That’s how logical thinking is employed (and virtue signaling, moralistic shaming eschewed ; -).

  5. Kate

    Our indigenous flora and fauna evolved together for a very long time. “Since 1896” is really nothing on the evolutionary timescale, and introductions like these can upset interactions that have evolved over millennia.

    1. Victor Johanson

      New interactions will evolve, and they won’t take millennia. Just as we don’t expect things to be the same from place to place, neither should we expect that from time to time.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.