UPDATE: please see this page for updated slides and additional tips.
Here are tips for educators on how to attribute images in a Powerpoint slide deck (hit pause button to assert manual control of the slide advance). The tips are focused on the logistics of attribution (placement, text color, etc.) since the law aspect is, um, complicated. It’s just a draft, so if you have suggestions, let me know in comments or via email. I made it because very, very few educators seem to provide image credits. Or at least the ones who post their slides online …
In other news, my other thoughts on Powerpoint.
And, since you’re reading below the fold … any advice on getting WordPress to display Powerpoint slides so that URLs work? I’ve tried several plug-ins, but nothing seems to work.
Posted in Biology, Education, Graphic design, Photography, Science
Tagged attribution, citation, copyright, creative commons, image, lecture, lecturing, not-for-profit, online, photography, powerpoint, Prezi, publish, slides, slideshare, teacher, teaching
I created the PDF below because many students who post their talks on the internet seem to think it’s OK to plagiarize when using Powerpoint, Keynote, Prezi, etc. It’s just six slides because the average person will get bored after the first slide, when references to elevator romance abruptly stop. It ends on a few issues that have short answers, but you can add the details if you want. If you can help spread the word, great.
Please also see Kyle D. Stedman’s article on annoying sources. And if you need a laugh, I highly recommend The “Blog” of “Unnecessary” Quotations. (Search for Colin Purrington if you’d like to see my contributions.)
Posted in Education, Graphic design
Tagged attribution, citation, citing, copyright, fair use, oral, plagiarism, plariarize, powerpoint, presentations, Prezi, quotations, quote, slide deck, slides, slideshow, sources
Open up a Powerpoint or Prezi show on the Internet and it is likely to be packed with text and images copied from others: no quotation marks and no image attributions. I think this is unfortunate, but not surprising — kids probably learn to plagiarize in grade school from their teachers, and then they watch their college professors do the same. When students graduate and get jobs that require them to post slide decks on the internet, they’ll do the same: use other people’s text and images without indicating that that’s what they’ve done.
But why don’t teachers use quotation marks and attributions? Teachers ask their students to cite sources on papers, so teachers clearly know about academic honesty in writing. Here are my guesses:
- Teachers think that quotation marks and attribution text ruin the aesthetics of their slides.
- Teachers think citing others for copied text and images undermines their authority in class.
- Teachers know it’s wrong to plagiarize (and steal copyrighted images) but are busy and hope nobody will notice/complain.
For many teachers, it’s probably a little of all three. And about #3, I’m left wondering why so many teachers place their plagiarized slide decks on the internet for the whole world to examine, rather than hiding them behind Blackboard and Moodle like everyone else does.
Given the common Powerpoint plagiarism by teachers, one might think education/teacher organizations would develop clear policies urging their members not to plagiarize (and not to use uncredited, copyrighted images). The only statement on this topic I’ve found so far is from the American Historical Association (website):
“All who participate in the community of inquiry, as amateurs or as professionals, as students or as established historians, have an obligation to oppose deception. This obligation bears with special weight on teachers…”
More groups should plagiarize that sentence.
Posted in Education, Graphic design
Tagged attribution, citation, dishonesty, eduation, grade school, images, plagiarism, powerpoint, Prezi, public school, quotations, style, teachers, teaching
If you are in need of a slide showing examples of plagiarism, the one at right might work for you. My suggestion is to show the image in class and ask students to choose the plagiarist they’d like to hear more about as a way to teach about plagiarism and proper attribution. Links to full details on all 10 examples are below. See also my “Preventing plagiarism” page if you want further thoughts on the topic.
- H.G. Wells (The Outline of History)
- T.S. Eliot (The Waste Land)
- Martin Luther King (PhD dissertation, speeches)
- Alex Haley (Roots)
- Doris Kearns Goodwin (The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys)
- Joe Biden (speeches, law school paper)
- Michael Bolton (Love is a Wonderful Thing)
- Stephen Ambrose (The Wild Blue)
- Jane Goodall (Seeds of Hope)
- The Consortium for Plant Biotechnology Research (Symposium Poster Rules and Guidelines)
There are multiple reasons why students plagiarize more these days, but one cause that is never discussed is that students spend all day watching their teachers do it. So, if you happen to be in position of minor influence in the education world, here’s a graphic to use in your next lecture, to get lecturers to better model the use of quotation marks and citations to their students. Following the conventions detailed on the slide certainly adds to the visual elements of a slide, which is annoying, but I argue that it’s important to send the message that lecturers value other people’s intellectual work. By the way, the quotation example is from Donald McCabe (PDF), who does great research on plagiarism. I chose the quote so that the slide can do double duty, communicating to teachers that their apathy has consequences. Also by the way, I made this graphic for my “Preventing plagiarism” page. If, by chance, you have no importance in the educational world, please consider sending this to those that do.
Posted in Education, Graphic design, Photography, Science
Tagged citation, class, college, copyright, course, graphic design, lecture, plagarize, plagiarism, powerpoint, quotation, reference, show, slides, source, students