Do antibiotics kill viruses?

Definition of antibioticIf you wonder why most people think antibiotics can treat viral diseases, one reason is that when people use search engines to understand what antibiotics do, they are informed that antibiotics do target viruses. Examples below.

Google:

antibiotic: a medicine (such as penicillin or its derivatives) that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms.
microorganism: a microscopic organism, especially a bacterium, virus, or fungus.

Dictionary.com:

antibiotic: any of a large group of chemical substances, as penicillin or streptomycin, produced by various microorganisms and fungi, having the capacity in dilute solutions to inhibit the growth of or to destroy bacteria and other microorganisms, used chiefly in the treatment of infectious diseases.
microorganism: any organism too small to be viewed by the unaided eye, as bacteria,protozoa, and some fungi and algae.

Merriam-Webster:

antibiotic: a substance produced by or a semisynthetic substance derived from a microorganism and able in dilute solution to inhibit or kill another microorganism.
microorganism: an extremely small living thing that can only be seen with a microscope.

TheFreeDictionary.com:

antibiotic: A substance, such as penicillin or erythromycin, produced by or derived from certain microorganisms, including fungi and bacteria, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms, especially bacteria. Antibiotics are widely used in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
microorganismany organism, such as a bacterium, protozoan, or virus, of microscopic size.

Britannica Library:

antibiotic:  chemical substance produced by a living organism, generally a microorganism, that is detrimental to other microorganisms. Antibiotics commonly are produced by soil microorganisms and probably represent a means by which organisms in a complex environment, such as soil, control the growth of competing microorganisms.
microorganisms: living things that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. They are normally viewed using a microscope. Bacteria, viruses, and some molds are examples of microorganisms.

Wiktionary

antibiotic: Any substance that can destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria and similar microorganisms.
microorganism: An organism that is too small to be seen by the unaided eye, especially a single-celled organism, such as a bacterium.

About Colin Purrington

PhD in evolutionary biology • twitterinstagram
This entry was posted in Biology, Education, Health, Science and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to Do antibiotics kill viruses?

  1. Ken says:

    Wikipedia has “Antibiotics or antibacterials are a type of antimicrobial[1] used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infection.” However then Wiktionary defines antibiotic as “Any substance that can destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria and similar microorganisms.”

    • I was in touch with one of the Wikipedia authors for that page, and it’s now adjusted to make it clear that although many (most) people think antibiotics = antimicrobial, that’s not the preferred meaning. I’m not familiar with the wiktionary; I need to add that to the page. Thanks!

  2. Pingback: Antibiotic confusion in the Wall Street Journal - Colin Purrington

Leave a Reply